GENERAL INFORMATION

PERU

Peru is a destiny privileged by a cultural and a natural wealth, having a diversity and wealth little common in the infinite world alternative that offers to the visitor the possibility to live an unique experience: History, culture, nature, adventure and much more in Peru.

From Lima and its museums, private galleries of art, modern districts, the ceviche, the mazamorra morada, to natural beauties like the national reserve of Paracas, inhabited by exotic flamencos, humboldts pingüinos, wolves. Nazca and its gigantic mysterious designs of geometric, anthropomorphous and zoomorfas forms. The Peruvian North coast also has much to offer, from pre Incas cultural evidences (the real tombs of the Lord of Sipan) and elegant colonial cities (Trujillo), to the best beaches of the country, for lovers of surfing and fishing.

In the South part of Peru, is located the Misti, in the valley of the volcanoes, that dominates the white city of Arequipa, holder of the deepest canyons of the world, the  Cotahuasi and the Colca canyon, from where the elegant flight of the king , The Condor, will be observed. History began in the lake, grew the legend of a blue world, sailed by the Incas descendants who maintain their traditions and daily life to show to the world their fighter race and the Lake Titicaca as their natural icon. The greater tropical mountain chain of the world is in Huaraz, the white mountain range, crowned with beautiful mountains and more or less 50 snow capped peaks over 5700 meters of height, Huascaran at 6768 m.a.s.l., the biggest one in Peru and doted with blue and green high Andean lagoons.

Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, conserves jealously in each corner of its streets, the inheritance of a suigeneris culture, being the angular stone of the development of the man in the world, having as a dumb witnesses to the magnify architectonic works harmonious and capriciously built in natural scenes of incalculable natural beauty like Machu Picchu, Saqsayhuaman, Ollantaytambo, Tipon, natural jewels like the natural park of Manu, Tambopata, etc.

The Peruvian forest is magical and active with endemic and varied species, leopards, anacondas and caimans, kings of the thick shade in the fantastic green mantle, home of native community holders of a great wisdom and respectful of their surroundings, majestic colossal rivers with pirañas, paiches, marine wolves and its people characterized by their joy, enthusiastic, passion love to see the life and by the tacacho, Juanes, Chuchuhuasi and Masato.

PERU IN BRIEF

Location. – Peru is located in the central and western part of South America, in relation to the equatorial line; it was the cradle of several cultures by thousands of years.

Limits. – Peru limits with the following countries:

  • North: Ecuador and Colombia
  • South: Chile
  • East: Brazil and Bolivia
  • West:   Pacific Ocean

Extension.- 1´285,215 km. Squares.

Population.- Approximately 28 million inhabitants.

Capital.- Lima, founded on 18 January of 1535

Languages.- Spanish, Quechua, Aymara and in addition other dialects.

Main activities.- Mining, agriculture, tourism, farming, trade.

Currency.- The Peruvian currency is the Nuevo sol, its abbreviation is the S/.

Electricity.- The electricity in Peru is of 220 volts or 60 cycles, but most of hotels, restaurants and establishments have converters for 110 volts.

Regions.- Peru is a natural door to tourism, with a tropical coast, deserts, mountains, forest, with different climate and people only compared to a continent with several countries. The nature has privileged to Peru with an enormous variety of climates, landscapes and ecosystems. 84 of the 114 ecological zones and 28 different climates are in Peru, which placed itself within the 05 greatest countries with biological diversity in the world. These variations allow Peru to produce maizes or corn with biggest grains and to have the greater variety of this cereal in the world, the most delicious avocado, the finer fiber of cotton and refreshing juices of fruits. It is divided in three natural regions:

The Coast.- It is a desert Strip throughout the marine coast, with a territorial percentage of 10,6%, tempered climate, little rain (0,50 millimeters). The warmest months are from December to March, with temperatures fluctuating between 28º and 30º centigrade. The cold months are June, July and August with temperatures between 13º and 19º centigrade.

The Highlands.- It is formed by the south mountain range, it has a territorial percentage of 30,1%, dry and cold climate, with rains from November to April (400 – 1000 millimeters) and the dry season is from May to October.

The Forest.- It is located to the Eastern flank of the mountain range of the Andes with a territorial percentage of 59,3%, but half of the national territory is in the Amazonian river basin; it has a humid and warm climate with heavy pluvial precipitations. In the dry season, from April to October, the temperature raises 35°C and from November to April, during the rainy season, the climate is warm and humid, at any time of day can it rains cats and dogs.

Tourist facilities

Hotel Infrastructure

The number of lodging establishments is: 7.646. 26 hotels of 5 stars, 26 of 4 stars and 487 of 3 stars, 927 of 2 stars, 411 of 1 stars, 42 lodges and a countless number of good quality Hostels.

Transport

We have 14 airports ready to receive commercial flights and 10 for international flights: Lima, Arequipa, Chiclayo, Pisco, Pucallpa, Iquitos, Cusco, Trujillo, Tacna and Juliaca. 17 airlines operate international flights and 7 airlines offer domestic flights.

Peru has more than 78 thousand kilometers of highways, of which, 8.084.6 are asphalted.

There are some routes by railroad connecting Puno and Cusco, or Juliaca and Puno. In addition there is the route from Cusco to Machu Picchu, Another railway link Lima with Huancayo and Huancavelica.

Restaurants

Peru has restaurants of great season and flavor, from sophisticated and elegant restaurants to picanterías. We are specialist in cooking international dishes and recognized by our culinary art. Among our infinite ingredients, colors and flavors of Peru, each department offers a wide food range to us.

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